by definition future value is

Whereas future value calculations attempt to figure out the value of something in the future, present value attempts to figure out what something in the future will be worth today. One example of present value is assessing the current value of a share of stock that pays annual dividends. Really, any investment decision can be simplified using present value analysis. Learn the definition of investment risks and understand their management. Calculating the future value allows for good investment decisions based on future needs.

What is the future value of $1000 after 5 years at 8% per year?

Answer and Explanation: The future value of a $1000 investment today at 8 percent annual interest compounded semiannually for 5 years is $1,480.24.

Here ‘CF’ is future cash flow, ‘r’ is a discounted rate of return, and ‘n’ is the number of periods or years. Future value is the amount of money an investment will be worth after a specific period of time if permitted to grow at a certain interest rate. It is an important idea to comprehend in order to make informed decisions regarding saving, investing, and retirement planning.

Calculating the future value of an annuity

To account for the difference between today’s money and future money, the calculation of present value makes use of a discount rate. It provides the rate of return an investor could be guaranteed to get by putting their money in a risk-free alternative, like depositing it in a bank. In the U.S. personal bank deposits are insured by the FDIC (up to a point). To account for the difference between today’s money and future money, the calculation of present value makes use of a discount rate. The discount rate is typically the interest rate or the guaranteed rate of return that you can get on an alternative investment.

When someone invests their money, they may want to know ahead of time what their investment will be worth after a specific amount of time. Future value is one way to do that — It helps investors figure out what an asset or investment may be worth in the future. Future value depends on factors such as an asset’s current value, the rate of return investors expect to receive, and how far ahead they want to look. Future value (FV) is the value of a sum of money at a future point in time for a given interest rate.

Pros and Cons of Future Value

It is the value in today’s dollars of a stream of income in the future. Investors may use this formula to forecast the amount of profit that different types of investment opportunities can earn with differing degrees of accuracy. In order to do that, investors use the concept of Net Present Value.

by definition future value is

We endeavor to ensure that the information on this site is current and accurate but you should confirm any information with the product or service provider and read the information they can provide. Any opinions, analyses, reviews or recommendations expressed here are those of the author’s alone, and have not been reviewed, approved or otherwise endorsed by any financial institution. This editorial content is not provided by any financial institution. Harold Averkamp (CPA, MBA) has worked as a university accounting instructor, accountant, and consultant for more than 25 years.

What are the benefits of understanding how to calculate the future value?

If money is placed in a savings account with a guaranteed interest rate, then the future value is easy to determine accurately. However, investments in the stock market or other securities with a more volatile rate of return can present greater difficulty. First, it assumes that the current value of the asset will be untouched during the period of the investment, and will be delivered as a lump sum, or single payment, in the future. Second, the future value formula is based on a constant growth rate during the investment period.

by definition future value is

Both concepts rely on the same financial principles (i.e. discount or growth rates, compounding periods, initial investments, etc.). Each component is related and inherently feed into the calculation of the other. For example, imagine having $1,000 on hand today and expecting to earn 5% over the following year. If the interest rate and period remain constant, then future value and present value increase or vice versa. It allows the investor to compare the cash flow at different times. In short present value vs future value is a lump-sum payment, and a series of equal payments over equal periods of time is called an annuity.