gitlab ci cd vs github actions

Actions looks like GitLab CI/CD but there are some differences between them. Notable projects and customers of GitLab include Procter & Gamble, Hashicorp, Autodesk, DataDog, Spotify, and more. GitHub boasted 56 million developers authoring 1.9 billion updates in 2020 and 60 million new repositories created that year. Notable projects and customers of GitLab include Goldman Sachs, Ticketmaster, the Cloud Native Computing Foundation (CNCF), and more. GitHub offers more storage, more CI/CD minutes per month, and lets you work with the unlimited number of contributors.

gitlab ci cd vs github actions

GitLab CI offers a free version for self-hosted deployments, and Tekton is entirely open-source and free to use. Enabling continuous testing in GitHub Actions works much the same way as in CircleCI, except that a prebuilt container is often used for testing purposes instead of an orb. In GitLab CI/CD, a container for the job is specified with the image key, while GitHub Actions uses the container key. In both systems, additional service containers are specified with the services key.

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GitHub Actions is simple to enable and painless to maintain within your current GitHub workflow as there’s no longer a need to install, integrate, and maintain a third-party tool. GitHub Actions, along with other GitHub Enterprise offerings, improves developer productivity by 22% and reduces time spent managing tools and code infrastructure by 75%. Additionally, thousands of pre-built actions from trusted, verified partners and the OSS community make it easier than ever to deliver your software without ever leaving the GitHub interface. GitLab includes SSO integration but GitHub requires an Enterprise organization (GitHub’s term for the highest paid tier of service). Organizations can use the platform’s integrated suite of SCM, CI, CD and CS&C features to reduce costs and deliver better software faster.

What is the difference between pipelines and GitHub Actions?

Azure Pipelines uses tasks, which are application components that can be re-used in multiple workflows. GitHub Actions uses actions, which can be used to perform tasks and customize your workflow. In both systems, you can specify the name of the task or action to run, along with any required inputs as key/value pairs.

GitHub Enterprise Cloud offers an enterprise product plan (SaaS) for large businesses and teams. It provides authentication with SAML single sign-on, support for 50,000 minutes of GitHub Actions runtime for CI/CD workflows, and 50GB of storage for shared components and containers. GitHub Enterprise Cloud offers an enterprise product plan (SaaS) for
large businesses and teams.

GitLab vs GitHub – A 2022 Comparison

CircleCI can run a push to a branch before a pull request is created, which means a new job is not triggered once a pull request is opened. Developers relying on the CIRCLE_PULL_REQUEST env var for certain scripts might run into issues. You can enable “Build Pull Requests Only” in the project’s advanced settings. In CircleCI, a job is a specific set of tasks in the build, test, or deploy phases of a software pipeline. Whether you’re working on an open source project, a side project, or a work project, there are some big benefits to adopting CI/CD—like producing more consistent and workable releases. But the biggest benefit of all is trusting that your code works after merging it to your main branch, testing it, and deploying it.

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GitHub Actions lets you use multiple Docker images per job if necessary. You can also add additional jobs to your workflow, such as testing or deployment jobs. For example, you could add a job that automatically deploys your code to a staging environment whenever code is pushed to the development branch. This would allow you to test new features in a safe environment before deploying them to production.

Migrating from GitLab CI/CD to GitHub Actions

Automation is managed within CircleCI pipelines, which are made up of jobs. Bitbucket Pipelines is a CI/CD tool provided by Atlassian’s Bitbucket, a popular Git repository hosting service similar to GitHub. Bitbucket Pipelines enables developers to automate their build, test, and deployment process using YAML files, just like GitHub Actions. However, Bitbucket Pipelines also provides a visual interface for creating and managing workflows, making it easy for non-technical team members to contribute. GitHub Actions is a CI/CD pipeline automation service offered by GitHub that streamlines many things at once—without devolving into excessive complexity.

Why do companies use GitLab instead of GitHub?

GitLab is a repository that only lets its team of web developers collaborate on codes. GitHub doesn't allow locating a repository inside an organization in the free plan. GitLab allows its users to locate a repository inside an organization while using the free plan.

On the other hand, GitHub has a massive community of developers that gives you access to detailed community support. This makes it easier to get help on common everyday problems regarding installations, reporting, and readme—and even more complex issues. Keep in mind that predicting the pricing for GitHub Actions can be a hassle, especially because it varies quite a bit depending on the commits to the project. Nevertheless, the tool has a clearly defined amount of minutes for each tier, so predicting the final cost isn’t too complicated. This Nira guide will decode the differences between GitHub Actions vs. GitLab CI to help you pick the right choice based on your workflow requirements and objectives.

GitLab CI/CD syntax for conditions and expressions

Cloud computing platforms like AWS exist to save you all that stress. These platforms already have numerous of these special computers setup and kept in buildings called data centers. Imagine if it were the case that, before you could make your applications available to other internet users, you’d have to own and set up such a computer. Most times businesses and even individual developers build applications just so other people can use them.

  • With GitHub Actions, you can automate, customize, and execute software development workflows directly inside a repository.
  • When teams compare the two platforms, they’ll find that GitHub Actions is more cost-effective for users of public repositories.
  • But if something goes wrong, these live logs can be very helpful to reference.
  • If the CI system only supports fan in/out, all jobs in a given “stage” need to complete for the next batch of jobs to run.

In addition, we saw how we could configure GitHub Actions to automatically deploy our code to an Elastic Beanstalk instance on AWS. The goal is to have GitHub trigger a build and run our tests each time we push or open a pull request on main/master. We just pushed our change to main, but GitHub Actions didn’t trigger the build or run our tests. For example, when the build-and-test job is triggered based on some event, GitHub Actions will pull your code to that computer and execute the job.

GitLab CI/CD and GitHub Actions provide a method in the configuration file to manually cache workflow files. Both GitLab CI/CD and GitHub Actions support running jobs in a Docker image. In GitLab CI/CD, Docker images are defined with an image key, while in GitHub Actions it is done with the container key. We have plans available for startups, small/medium businesses, and large enterprises too. Custom plans with additional features and premium support are available for organizations with 10,000 or more employees.

  • For example, see the documentation about integrations with Sauce Labs.
  • GitHub has a large and active community of developers contributing to open-source projects.
  • CircleCI can run a push to a branch before a pull request is created, which means a new job is not triggered once a pull request is opened.
  • Seamlessness – Did I mention that GitHub Actions lives one server down from your code repositories?

What is CI CD in GitHub Actions?

Continuous integration (CI) automatically builds, tests, and integrates code changes within a shared repository; then. Continuous delivery (CD) automatically delivers code changes to production-ready environments for approval; or. Continuous deployment (CD) automatically deploys code changes to customers directly.